Gelman, Juan

Gelman, Juan
(1930– )
   Argentine poet and journalist. Born in Buenos Aires, the child of Ukrainian immigrants—his father participated in the Russian Revolution of 1905—Gelman spent his childhood in the historic porteño neighborhood of Villa Crespo. An early member of the literary group El Pan Duro, Gelman published his first book of poetry, Violín y otras cuestiones, in 1956. In the 1970s Gelman began his career in journalism. He directed the cultural supplement of the newspaper La Nación, was editor-in-chief of the newspaper Noticias, and was the Spanish-language editor of the journal Ceres, published by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations.
   An early opponent of Peronism, Gelman abandoned the Communist Party in favor of the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias (FAR, Revolutionary Armed Forces), which in 1973 joined the Montoneros. He served as Montonero press secretary for Europe until his break with the organization in 1979. In 1976 the military invaded his home with orders to arrest him. Instead, they arrested his son, Marcelo, and his daughter-in-law, Claudia Irueta, then pregnant. The younger Gelman was killed in captivity, and his wife was transported to an Uruguayan prison as part of Operation Condor. There, Claudia gave birth to a daughter and was executed. Juan Gelman’s granddaughter was located and identified in Uruguay in March 2000 following the intervention of Uruguayan president Jorge Batlle Ibáñez. The filmmaker Elena Bravo’s award-winning documentary ¿Quién soy yo? (Who am I?, 2007) contains interviews with Macarena, Gelman’s granddaughter, and other children kidnapped during Argentina’s “dirty war.” Exiled in 1976, Gelman spent 12 years in several European and Central American countries. In 1989 he settled in Mexico City. In 1987 he received Argentina’s Premio Nacional de la Poesía, and in 2000 received the Premio Juan Rulfo, Latin America’s most prestigious award for poetry.
   The author of over 20 volumes of poetry translated into 10 languages, Gelman is hailed as one of Argentina’s most important contemporary poets. Themes of family and lost friends, Argentina, his beloved tango, his Jewish heritage, exile, torture, and disappearances, and an almost obsessive need to remember are all present in his oeuvre. In 1997 a compilation of his poetry, translated into English, was made available in the United States under the title Unthinkable Tenderness. He is also the author, with Mara La Madrid, of the collection of essays Ni el flaco perdón de Dios / Hijos de desaparecidos (1997).

Historical Dictionary of the “Dirty Wars” . . 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GELMAN, JUAN — (1930– ), Argentinean poet. He was born in Buenos Aires into a family of immigrants from the Ukraine. His political involvement with the left since his youth went together with an active critical dissent, which made him break with the Communist… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gelman, Juan — ▪ 2009 born May 3, 1930, Buenos Aires, Arg.  At a ceremony in Spain in 2008 during which the Argentine poet Juan Gelman received the Cervantes Prize the highest literary honour in the Spanish speaking world King Juan Carlos praised Gelman s… …   Universalium

  • Gelman, Juan — ► (n. 1930) Poeta argentino. Obras: El juego en que andamos (1959), Gotán (1962), Cólera buey (1965), Hechos y relaciones (1979), Si tan dulcemente (1980), Anunciaciones (1988), Valer la pena (2002), País que fue será (2004). En 2005 recibió el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gelman — Gelman, Juan …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Juan Gelmán — Juan Gelman Juan Gelman, poète argentin né en 1930 à Buenos Aires, fait partie des meilleures voix actuelles de la poésie latino américaine. Il obtient notamment le Premio Nacional de Literatura en 1997 et le Prix Juan Rulfo en 2000. Récemment,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Juan Gelman — Para otros usos de este término, véase Gelman. Juan Gelman …   Wikipedia Español

  • Juan Gelman — Juan Gelman, poète argentin né le 3 mai 1930 à Buenos Aires, est l une des plus grandes voix actuelles de la poésie latino américaine. Sommaire 1 Biographie 1.1 Le groupe El pan duro et la nouvelle poésie (1955 1967) 1.2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Juan Gelman — (born 3 May 1930) is an Argentine poet. He has published more than twenty books of poetry since 1956. He won the Cervantes Prize in 2007, the most important in Spanish literature. His poems contain themes touching on his Jewish heritage, family,… …   Wikipedia

  • Juan Gelman — Juan Gelman, argentinischer Dichter und Cervantespreisträger 2007 Juan Gelman (* 3. Mai 1930 in Buenos Aires) ist ein argentinischer Dichter, Journalist und Übersetzer. Ihm wurde am 29. November 2007 der Premio Cervantes zugesprochen, ei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gelman — es la versión rusa del apellido Helman y puede referirse a: Alexander Gelman (nacido en 1960), director teatral ruso estadounidense. Jacques Gelman (1909–1986), productor de cine mexicano. Juan Gelman (nacido en 1930), poeta argentino. Larry… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”